Each one of us can make a difference. Together we make a change: Barbara Mikulski
Husband and wife have a difference of opinion. Parent and child have a generation gap. Employer and employee see things from a different perspective. We individuals have different viewpoint for the same situation as New Year resolution. But we all are right from our perspective!
We interchangeably use many words without realizing the fact that each word has its own meaning and significance. Audit and Inspection are two such words which we often use as same without comprehending that each of them has a distinct meaning and purpose. To put in a summary, Audit is about ‘Past’ and Inspection is about ‘Present!’
Definitions: ISO 9000: 2015
Inspection (Cl 3.11.7): Determination of conformity to the specified requirement.
Audit (Cl 3.13.1): Systematic, independent and documented process for obtaining objective evidence and evaluating it objectively to determine the extent to which audit criteria are fulfilled
In an organization, Audit and Inspection are conducted at different stages of the process. The key objective is to ensure that product and services are able to fulfil the organization and relevant interested parties’ requirements (like a customer).
Audit and Inspection: It can be of 3 different types
First Party: By the organization for their own organization
Second Party: Either by the customer (for the organization) or for the supplier (by the organization).
Third-Party: Independent body like Certification body, Government, Banker etc. for the organization
There are few distinct differences between Audit and Inspection which are stated below although both needs to be conducted by competent personnel (even though competency requirements may vary).
Key Difference between Audit & Inspection
|1||About the Past||About the Present|
|2||Checking how things are done||Doing something|
|3||Strength and Weakness||Fulfilment of specification|
|4||Sampling basis only||Can be sampling or 100% as per requirement|
|5||To verify whether planned objectives have been met or not||To check compliance against a specification|
|6||Check the root cause analysis and action taken and its effectiveness||Check the present status only|
|7||2-way process (collaborative approach) which results in improvement (Auditor & Auditee)||One-way process|
|8||Proactive approach, always planned||Can be a planned or unplanned activity|
|9||For the System implementation and effectiveness||For a particular product/Service whether it is as per specification or not|
|10||Check the documents and implementation of procedures||Check the compliance to the requirement as per Standard|
- How often qualified Internal Auditors are clear about the difference between Audit & Inspection?
- How often the organization understand the difference between Product Audit & Product Inspection?
- How often organizations understand the difference between Product Audit and Layout Inspection?
IATF 16949: 2016
This is the 90th article of this Quality Management series. Every weekend, you will find useful information that will make your Management System journey Productive. Please share it with your colleagues too.
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